Most dog historians are of the opinion that the
Pomeranian was developed from a northern type of dog, such as can
still be seen in Iceland and Lapland. Being used to haul sleds over
snowy wastes. The Pomeranian still retains the hardy disposition and
thick coat so typical of dogs in these cold climates, a much larger
dog at that time. Obviously smaller in size now. The
Pomeranian, to many people, is a small spitz which originally came
from the Artic Circle.
The whole spitz group is traceable to the dogs
in Iceland and Lapland. Whether these dogs all had a common ancestor
or not is not known.
The heartland of German dog development,
Wurttemberg, is considered by some as the place where the Spitz was
transformed into the Pomeranian. Some believe that the Pomeranian
was first developed in Pomerania.
The first Pomeranian weighed approximately 30
pounds. The colours were mostly white, cream or black.
In the dog world Queen Victoria is credited
with the Pomeranians peak in popularity in England - the Pomeranian
arrived in England in about 1860 via Pomerania in Germany. The
British did much to bring the breed to it's present
The Pomeranian was first registered with KUSA
in 1892 and is part of the Toy group. People call them "Toy Pom",
Miniture Poms", "Tea cups" ect. which is not correct - there is only
one breed standard and they are simply known as Pomeranians.
As indicated above they are part of the Spitz family which
originally came from th Artic region.
The Pomeranian today
is compact, exhibiting great intelligence. A dainty-looking toy dog
who is active and bouyant in deportment. Coat is profuse - harsh
outer coat and soft fluffy under coat which requires daily brushing
to keep it free from